February 2, 2015
Equality doesn’t always means it is always the same. What is equal is not always the same. Everything that is equal is not always fair.
1. Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
2. No one should be held in slavery.
3. Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before law.
4. All humans are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
5. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms.
6. Everyone has the right to nationality
7. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence.
8. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouse.
9. Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
10. Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression.
February 9, 2015
Code of Hammurabi
- An eye for an eye
- Consisted of 282 laws
- Dated back to 1754 BC
- How to deal with a family, issues with paternity, wages, sexual issues
- The laws were very simple, you would be killed if you got caught doing something wrong
- The ends justify the means (if the means get the job done in the end, then it is okay)
- Life is peaceful
- You should always be working to true enlightenment
- Speaking positive and the truth (clear your mind)
- living an ethical life (10 commandments, treated fairly, 8 beatitudes)
- Be passionate about all you do
- Love, honesty, meditation, truth, peace, etc
February 10, 2015
3 types: Metis, Inuit, First Nations.
Slavery ; it’s a system under which people are treated as property to be bought and sold and are forced to work.
- to be enslaved, it may refer to: slavery, the socio-economic condition of being owned and worked by and for someone else,
- slaves were auctioned off to the highest bidder
- slaves were put through a process of “seasoning” to get them ready for work
- they learned a European language, were named a European name and were shown different labor
Why not enslave Native American people?
- native americans were most likely to catch European diseases
- more familiar with the terrain and could escape easier
- they had political allies that could fight against the “owners”
Using enslaved African Labor
- Only took 2-6 weeks to get to the colonies from the Caribbean at first
- they had previous experience and knowledge working in the sugar and rice production
- immunity from diseases less likely to get sick due to no prolonged contact over centuries
- low escape possibilities- they did not know the land, had no allies, and were highly c=visible because of skin colour.
Life of a slave
- most slaves had Sundays off and they went to church
- most slaves could not read or write and it was illegal for them to learn
- salve codes- they could not; leave their home without a pass, carry a weapon, gather in groups, own property, legally marry, defend themselves against a white person, or speak in court
- flight slaves would run away
- truancy flight for a short amount of time and then the slave came back
- refusal to reproduce-women refused to have children
- covert action- slaves would kill animals, destroy crops, start fires, steal stuff, break tools, poison things.
- brutally punished for misbehaving
- whipping, branding, being sold, gagged (silence), and other torture methods were being used.
Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860 without any southern electoral votes. Many southern states quickly seceded from the Union South Carolina leading the way. Southern troops fired upon Fort Sumpter, starting the Civil War. The North fought to preserve the Union, while the South fought to preserve slavery.
Civil War and Emancipation Proclamation
- early in the war, Lincoln began to think about ending slavery in the South to help end the war
- September 22, 1862, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation which declared an end to slavery in the states in rebellion on January 1, 1863
- nothing was done. It only freed slaves in the states
End of Civil War and the 13th Amendment
- South lost and the states were forced to accept the 13th Amendment to the Constitution before being readmitted in the Union
- 13th Amendment – it abolished slavery in the United States
Where else and what else?
- child slavery
- sex slave trade
- child soldier
- blood diamonds
- chocolate industry
- drug industry
February 11, 2015
Jim Crow Laws
- It shall be unlawful for a negro and white person to play together or in company with each other in any game of cards or dice, dominoes or checkers.
- Marriages are void when one party is a white person and the other is possessed of one-eighth or more negro, Japanese, or Chinese blood.
- Separate free schools shall be established for the education of children of African descent; and it shall be unlawful for any coloured child to attend any white school, or any white child to attend a coloured school.
- All railroads carrying passengers in the state (other than street railroads) shall provide equal but separate accommodations for the white and coloured races, by providing two or more passenger cars for each passenger train, or by dividing the cars by a partition, so as to secure separate accommodations.
Restrictive signs sprang up across the southern and western landscape. They were constant and humiliating reminders with a common message – “stay in your place”
Martin Luther King
- Martin Luther King is known for being a non-violent leader.
- King grew up in the church and was well-read in the scriptures. Following the family tradition, he decided to become a minister.
- He was a family man
- He was educated
- De facto segregation; unwritten segregation through customs, housing patterns and traditions
- De jure segregation; legal segregation through written laws
King’s mission was to empower his people. His platform was;
- We can stick together
- Our leaders do not have to sell out
- Threats and violence do not intimidate us
- We believe in ourselves
- Economics is part of our struggle
- We have a powerful weapon: non-violent resistance
- We as Negroes have arrived
What law was he fighting?
- Were denied the right to vote
- Barred from public facilities
- Subjected to insults and violence
- Could not expect justice from the courts
In the North, black Americans also faced discrimination in housing, employment, education, and many other areas. 1916 (JFK started the change things) JFK beat Nixon.
December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks took a stand for her race by refusing to give her seat a white passenger. This was the catalyst for beginning the Civil Rights Movement.
February 17, 2015
Gavrillio Princip ; the man who was sitting in the coffee shop.
Ban Ki Moon ; believed the world is at a tipping point.
Benito Mussolini ; had a Superman Complex and altered photos of himself. One great achievement was defeating Ethiopia.
Thomas Edison ; ‘genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration’ the greatest inventor of the 20th century.
Woodrow Wilson ; peace talks and treaty negotiations by the man who created the idea for the League of Nations.
Vladimir Lenin ; all communist leaders of the 20th century learned from him.
John F. Kennedy ; this line leader helped prevent World War 2 from happening in Cuba, but this speech did not save his life and was assassinated in Dallas, Texas.
Mao Zedong ; brought Communism to the largest population in the world in 1947. He was responsible for the largest genocide in world history in which over 50 million people were killed and his people worshipped him.
Martin Luther King ; leader of the U.S Civil Rights movement and had a dream.
Ho Chi Minh ; revolutionist, gardner, first defeated the French.
Winston Churchill ; nicknamed Bulldog because of how he railed his country to victory and saved the world fro Nazis rule during World War 2.
Joseph Stalin ; saved his country from the Nazis with his scorched earth policy.
Adolf Hitler ; ” if we were to divide mankind into 3 groups : the founders of culture, the bearers of culture and destroyers of culture only the Aryan (race) could be considered. Committed suicide in 1945.
Barack Obama ; spoke as the 44/45th President of the United States.
Emperor Hirohito ; “I fear we had just awoken the sleeping giant” was spoken after the shocking and successful invasion of Hawaii in 1941. Was the leader of his country at the time.
Jonas Salk ; “When you inoculate children with a polio vaccine, you don’t sleep well for two or three months”
Mahatma Gandhi; ended imperialism in my country but for my efforts was later murdered in 1947 by a Muslim extremist.
Pope John Paul ; was a famous canonized leader of the Catholic Church.
Rasputin ; known as the “holy healer” in Russia but he was poisoned, shot and later drowned in one of the most famous deaths in world history, There is a pop culture song written about him.
Osama Bin Laden ; there was a bounty on his head for $27 million but he was killed by US forces in 2011 and his body was dumped in the ocean.
Kim Jong Il ; leader of North Korea until 2011, feared by the West because they thought I had Weapons of Mass Destruction.
Sir Edmund Hillary ; was the first person to climb to the top of the world with his Sherpa Tanzig Norway.
Tim Berners-Lee ; if you use the original World Wide Web program, you never see a URL or have to deal with HTML. he created the internet.
Harry S. Truman ; his legacy included ordering the dropping of 2 atomic bombs on Japan.
Richard Nixon ; Watergate Scandal broke and he spoke out publicly that “I was not a crook” but he lied because he was a crook. Later on was pardoned
Neville Chamberlain ; created “Peace in our time” he stated this after speaking with Adolf Hitler before World War 2 started.
Gorbachev ; spoke 2 key words for his country and they were “perestroika” and “glasnost” also known for the birth mark on his forehead.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand ; assassinated in Sarajevo, his death sparked the first Great War of the 20th century.
George Bush Jr. ; “either you’re with us or you’re with the terrorists, if this doesn’t work we will smoke ’em out, smoke ’em out, smoke ’em out. To be honest I am not sure what I am saying sometimes “
Stephen Harper ; current leader of Canada who apologized to Aboriginal People who were involved in the Residential School issue in Canada. He wants to expand oil sands development and promote the north.
Czar Nicholas Romanov 2 ; 3rd richest man in recorded history. The last ruler of Absolutist Russia then him and his family was murdered.
Fidel Castro ; survived the Bay of Pigs invasion and is the serving Communist leader in the 20th century
Ronald Reagan ; politician, Hollywood actor.
Neil Armstrong ; “one giant step for man, one giant leap for mankind”
George Benjamin Clemenceau ; leader of one of the BIG 3 countries after World War One and he wanted to severely punish Germany after World War One. He also hosted the Peace Conference at Versailles.
Pope Francis ; most powerful man in the Catholic Church
Queen Elisabeth 2 ; monarch in England for ½ a century, also Head of State in Canada.
Hu Jintao ; leader of the most populated and largest Communist country in the world
Tommy Douglas ; voted as Canada’s Greatest Canadian for his creation of universal medi-care which he brought to his province Saskatchewan.
Carlos Helu ; “money is not a goal. The goal is to make companies grow, develop, be competitive, be different areas be efficient to have a great human team inside the company”
Albert Einstein ; imagination os more important than knowledge. The important thing is not to stop questioning curiosity, has its own reason of existing
Ruhollah Khomeini ; Supreme leader of Iran and became a champion of Islamic deals. Had a Iranian Revolution and supported the Iranian hostage crisis
Charles Lindberg ; first person to fly 3,600 miles, non-stop across the Atlantic Ocean from New York to Paris.
Raymond Albert “Ray” Kroc ; he thinks the secret to success is quite simple.
Watson/Crick ; discovery of molecular structure of DNA which is the genetic blueprint of the human body.
Bill Gates ; he thinks it’s fair to say that the personal computer has become the most empowering tool we have ever created. The tool of communication, the tool of creativity. Open the windows technology
Nelson Mandela ; imprisoned for 27 years before being released he became democratically elected the leader of his country.
February 25, 2015
I learned that I am more liberal than conservative. Liberal means that we believe in governmental action to achieve equal opportunity and equality for everyone. Also means that we believe that people are good and we need the government to help solve problems of the people. It’s the duty of the State to protect civil liberties and individuals and human rights. Another thing to what liberal means is that we also believe that role of government should be guarantee that absolutely no one is in need. I honestly agree with my results because I feel as if the government should help out with more of people’s problems and that no one should be in need. I feel as if the government should help out more and help to achieve the equality and provide equal opportunities for everyone. I strongly believe that my results is true.
Political prisoner; is someone imprisoned because they apposed the government.
ex. Ghandi, Nelson Mandela
Current North Korea camps
-people declared “politically unreliable”
-secluded mountain areas
-estimation of how many?- 200,00
-life long detention, death, “re-education”/ torture camps, slave work
-prisoners are rioting
-estimate of how many are dying? (%) – 50%
What is xenophobia?
an intense or irrational dislike or fear of people from other countries.
Who are perpetrators?
Torture is inflicted by or at the instigations of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity
Those most likely to be involved in torture include persons such as;
-prison officers//detention staff, the police, the military, paramilitary forces, state controlled contra-guerilla forced
But perpetrators may also include;
-health professionals, legal professionals, co-detainees acting with the approval or on the orders of public officials, death squads
Twelve prominent Nazi were sentenced to death. Most of the defendants admitted to the crimes of which they were accused, although most claimed that they were simply following the orders of a higher authority. Those individuals directly involved in the killing received the most severe sentences. Other people who played key roles in the Holocaust, including high-level government officials. and business executives who used concentration camps inmates as forced labourers, received prison sentences or no penalty at all.
The deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
May 5, 2015
The Roaring Twenties
- exciting time of social change, and economic prosperity
The Great Depression
- a severe worldwide economic depression
- timing of the Great Depression varied across nations
- in most countries it started in about 1929